Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease the result of a parasite. Malaria symptoms include fever and flu-like illness, including shaking chills, headache, muscle aches, and tiredness. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may also occur. Malaria may cause anemia and jaundice (yellow coloring of the skin and eyes) as a result of loss of red blood cells. Infection with one type of malaria, Plasmodium falciparum, if not promptly treated, may cause kidney failure, seizures, mental confusion, coma, and death.
Annually 350 to 500 million cases of malaria occur world-wide, as well as over one million people die, the majority of them young kids.
The Anopheles Malaria Mosquito. Where malaria disease is located depends mainly on climatic factors such as temperature, humidity, and rainfall. The primary areas where malaria disease can be found are; Africa, Madagascar, India and South America. Malaria is transmitted in tropical and subtropical areas, where the host mosquito, in the genus Anopheles, has the capacity to survive and multiply. There are approximately 430 Anopheles mosquito species, only 30 to 40 which transmit the malaria parasite.
Only in areas where the malaria parasites can complete its growth cycle in the mosquitoes can humans be infected. There are four species of malaria parasite that may infect humans these are; Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae. Time necessary for progression of the parasite within the mosquito (the extrinsic incubation period) ranges from 10 to 21 days, depending on the parasite species and also the temperature.
Spider poison a scientific breakthrough to combat malaria – Scientists from the University of Maryland have tested a drug from spider poison, a scientific breakthrough that could end the international combat against malaria.
Scientists have even reached the spider’s poison that can kill malaria-carrying mosquitoes, when fungi enter in to exposure to insect blood, in a scientific step which could fight other mosquito-borne diseases, such hlomqc dengue fever and zika.
Scientists believe that using the same technology one day can fight various other mosquito-borne diseases, like zika and dengue fever.
By using fungus together with traditional insecticides, scientists believe they could prevent mosquitoes from developing resistance. The identical technology may be used once to battle other mosquito-borne diseases, like zika and dengue fever.