The Birth of the United States Post Office – During early colonial times most correspondence happened between the colonists and England. The King’s authorities would read and scour all of the information and mail that was being sent. Correspondence between the colonies depended on trusted friends, merchants, or friendly Native Americans.
Around 1639 Richard Fairbanks’ Tavern in Boston, Massachusetts was designated because the official repository of mail from the General Court of Massachusetts (appointed from the King). Using taverns as mail drops was common practice in England, and the colonists adopted this practice as well. Local authorities designated by town representatives and Post Office Nearby inside the colonies, a few of which continue to be around today.
In 1673, Governor Francis Lovelace of the latest York set up a monthly mailing post between Ny and Boston. The post rider’s trail became called Old Boston Post Road, that is a part of today’s U.S. Route 1. Old Post Road in North Attleborough, Massachusetts was point about this rider’s trail and it is one among the oldest roads in America.
In 1683, William Penn, founder of Pennsylvania along with a leader in the Quaker community, established its’ first post office. Slaves or private messengers delivered communications from one plantation to another one.
Most significantly, Thomas Neale received a twenty-one year grant in 1691 through the British Crown to begin a North American postal service. Neale had never laid foot on North American soil, so he appointed then Governor Andrew Hamilton of the latest Jersey as his Deputy Postmaster General. Neale’s franchise cost him only 80 cents annually. In 1699, he assigned his interests in America up to Andrew Hamilton and R. West. Neale died heavily in debt due to this endeavor.
By 1707, the British Government had purchased the rights to the North American postal service through the widow of Andrew Hamilton and R. West. The us government then appointed Andrew Hamilton’s son, Andrew, as Deputy Postmaster General of America. He served until 1721 as he was succeeded by John Lloyd of Charleston, South Carolina.
In 1730, Alexander Spotswood, a former lieutenant governor of Virginia, became Deputy Postmaster General for America. Seven years later, Spotswood appointed Benjamin Franklin as postmaster of Philadelphia. In 1753, Bejamin Franklin and William Hunter who had been postmaster of Williamsburg, Virginia, were appointed from the British Crown as Joint Postmasters for the colonies. Upon Hunter’s death in 1761, a man named John Foxcroft of the latest York succeeded him, serving until the outbreak of the Revolutionary War.
Throughout his time as being a Joint Postmaster General for that Crown, Benjamin Franklin influenced many important and lasting improvements within the colonial posts. He immediately began to reorganize the service; he inspected Usps Liteblue inside the North and as far south as Virginia. New surveys were made, milestones were placed on principal roads, and new and shorter routes were laid out. The very first time, post riders carried mail at night between Philadelphia and Ny, and the travel time had been shortened in two.
William Goddard, a publisher, set up a post for colonial only mail service. It was separate from the British crown and was funded by purchasing subscriptions. Net revenues were to be used to enhance his postal service. In 1774 Goddard suggested to Congress the colonies come together to create a United Postal Service. He believed that this could be a means to separate the colonies’ mail from the British postal inspectors. This way they can communicate colonial news only to the colonies. Goddard proposed his idea of a postal service to Congress two years before the Declaration of Independence was signed
By 1774 colonists did not trust the British crown and viewed the royal post office with suspicion. Benjamin Franklin was dismissed of his post duties from the Crown for his actions. The crown considered that Franklin was displaying sympathy to the cause of the colonies. In September 1774, shortly after the Boston riots, known today as the Boston Massacre, the colonies started to apart from England. A Continental Congress was organized at Philadelphia in May 1775 to establish a completely independent government. Among the first questions before the delegates was the best way to convey and provide you with the mail.
With all the Revolutionary War imminent, the Continental Congress assembled and enacted the “Constitutional Post.” This act ensured that communications between the public and patriots, or those fighting for America’s independence, continued. On July 26, 1775, the Second Continental Congress chose Benjamin Franklin as the nation’s first Postmaster General. The establishment of the organization that had become the Us Post Office Hours nearly two centuries later traces back to this date and Ben Franklin. In 1760, Franklin reported a surplus for the British Postmaster General.
Franklin dedicated himself within this position, as well as numerous others, to satisfy George Washington’s imagine an information highway between the citizens and government. Like Goddard, whose idea was to become united, Washington believed, that as a nation, we could forever be bound together by way of a communication system of roads. When Franklin left office in November of 1776, post fkjiwq operated from Florida to Canada and mail between the colonies and England was operating on the regular schedule.
America’s present day postal service descends from an unbroken line from the system Franklin created, planned, and put into operation. History rightfully affords him major credit for establishing the foundation from the postal service which includes performed magnificently for that American people.